Use our lead-acid battery life calculator to find out how long a Sealed Lead Acid (SLA), AGM, Gel, and Deep cycle lead-acid battery will last running a load.
Lead Acid Battery Life Calculator
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- Lead-acid battery discharge efficiency rate: 85%
- Inverter efficiency: 90%
How To Use This Calculator?
Step 1: Enter the battery capacity and select the unit type. The unit types are amp-hours (Ah), and milliamp-hours (mAh).
Step 2: Enter your battery voltage (V). Is this a 6v, 12v, 24, or 48v battery?
Step 3: Optional: Enter the battery state of charge (SoC). SoC is defined as how much your battery is charged relative to its capacity. (The default value is 100%, meaning a fully charged battery).
Step 4: Optional: Enter the battery depth of discharge limit (DoD). (The default value is 50% because most lead-acid batteries have a DoD limit of 50% in order to maintain their health). Check your battery specs sheet for a more accurate number.
Step 5: Is your load connected through an inverter? Select accordingly. (The inverter is the device that converts the DC current into AC current so we can run our household appliances)
Step 6: Enter the total output load and select the unit type. The unit types are Watts (W), and kilowatts (kW). Note: 1 kW = 1000 watts.
Lead Acid Battery Life (Runtime) Formula
Formula: Lead-acid Battery life = (Battery capacity Wh × (85%) × inverter efficiency (90%), if running AC load) ÷ (Output load in watts).\
- Battery capacity: 12v 100Ah (12 × 100 = 1200Wh)
- Battery discharge efficiency – Lead-acid: 85%
- Output load: 100 watts
- inverter efficiency: 90%
Battery life = (1200× 85% × 90%) ÷ (100)
Battery life = (864) ÷ (100)
Battery life = 8.6 hours
Why none of The Above Methods Are 100% Accurate?
I won’t go in-depth about the discharging mechanism of a lead-acid battery. Instead, I’m going to share the key points to remember when discharging your lead-acid battery.
1. The Faster You Discharge A Lead Acid Battery The Less Energy You Get (C-Rating)
The recommended discharge rate (C-rating) for lead acid batteries is between 0.2C (5h) to 0.05C (20h). Look at the manufacturer’s specs sheet to be sure.
Formula to calculate the c-rating: C-rating (hour) = 1 ÷ C
Discharging your battery at a higher rate will increase the temperature in battery cells which as a result will cause power losses. e.g, a 100ah lead-acid battery with a C-rating of 0.05C (20 hours) will last about 20-25 minutes instead of 1 hour while running a 50 amp load (remember the 50% DoD limit).
2. Battery Age Count
A lead-acid battery will lose its 20% storage capacity after 500-900 cycles (Look at the manufacturer’s specs sheet for an accurate value). So if you have an old battery it’ll store less power. As a result, it will deplete more quickly than the estimated time.
3. Batteries Don’t Discharge Evenly
Your battery will be discharged at a different rate depending on how heavy the output load is connected. Which makes it really hard to guess the exact runtime of your battery.